Top 5 Common Orthopaedic Conditions: Causes, Injuries, and Treatments

Orthopedic injuries can occur due to a wide range of reasons, including accidents, sports, overuse, and wear and tear. These injuries can have long-term consequences by having a significant impact…

By Admin | 04 March 2023

Orthopedic injuries can occur due to a wide range of reasons, including accidents, sports, overuse, and wear and tear. These injuries can have long-term consequences by having a significant impact on a person’s quality of life, especially if they result in chronic pain, limited mobility, or disability.

If you are facing any such orthopaedic issue, consult one of the  at Aadicura Superspeciality Hospital, which has a highly experienced and skilled team of orthopaedic surgeons who can give an expert opinion on your issues.

Here are five of the most common orthopedic conditions:

  1. Fractures: Fractures or broken bones are one of the most common orthopedic injuries. They occur when a force applied to the bone is greater than the strength of the bone itself. Fractures can range from simple fractures that heal on their own to complex fractures that require surgery. The most common types of fractures include wrist fractures, ankle fractures, and hip fractures.
  2. Sprains and strains: Sprains and strains are injuries that affect the ligaments and tendons. A sprain occurs when a ligament is stretched or torn, while a strain occurs when a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn. These injuries commonly occur during sports and other physical activities. The most common areas for sprains and strains include the ankle, knee, and wrist.
  3. Tendinitis: Tendinitis is an inflammation of a tendon, which is the fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones. Tendinitis commonly occurs due to overuse and repetitive motions, such as in athletes and workers who perform the same motion repeatedly. The most common areas for tendinitis include the shoulder, elbow, and wrist.
  4. Rotator cuff injuries: The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint, providing stability and range of motion. Rotator cuff injuries can occur due to overuse or trauma, such as a fall or lifting a heavy object. Symptoms include pain, weakness, and limited range of motion in the shoulder.
  5. Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the cartilage that cushions the joints wears away over time. This can cause pain, stiffness, and limited range of motion in the affected joint. Osteoarthritis commonly affects the knees, hips, and hands.

In conclusion, orthopedic injuries can range from minor to severe and can impact a person’s quality of life. Early diagnosis and treatment are important for successful recovery. Treatment options may include rest, physical therapy, medications, or surgery, depending on the severity of the injury.

What causes orthopedic injury?

Orthopedic injuries are injuries that affect the musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. These injuries can be caused by a variety of factors which can be:

  1. Trauma: Traumatic injuries, such as fractures, dislocations, and ligament tears, are common causes of orthopedic injuries. These injuries can be caused by falls, sports-related injuries, and car accidents.
  2. Overuse: Overuse injuries occur when a joint or muscle is used repeatedly without enough time for rest and recovery. This can lead to conditions such as tendonitis and stress fractures.
  3. Poor posture: Poor posture can put excessive strain on the muscles and joints, leading to injuries over time. This can occur in people who sit for long periods of time or perform repetitive tasks.
  4. Age-related changes: As we age, our bones and joints become more susceptible to injury. Conditions such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and degenerative disc disease can cause orthopedic injuries.
  5. Genetic factors: Some orthopedic injuries may be caused by genetic factors. For example, people with certain genetic mutations may be more prone to joint dislocations or ligament tears.
  6. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can also increase the risk of orthopedic injuries. In case of orthopaedic issues Aadicura Superspeciality Hospital is the most advanced  who can handle any such case with great expertise.

What is the treatment for orthopedic conditions?

The treatment for orthopedic conditions can vary depending on the type and severity of the injury. For example, in case of a joint related issue, a Ja is the most expert professional to diagnose and treat the same. In general, the goal of treatment is to reduce pain, improve mobility and function, and prevent further damage.

  1. Rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE): This is a common initial treatment for many orthopedic injuries. Resting the affected area, applying ice, compressing it with a bandage, and elevating it above the heart can help reduce swelling and pain.
  2. Medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help reduce pain and inflammation. In some cases, pain medications can be prescribed by your orthopaedic doctor.
  3. Physical therapy: A physical therapist can develop a customized exercise program to help improve range of motion, strength, and flexibility in the affected area. This can be especially helpful for injuries that require prolonged periods of immobilization, such as fractures.
  4. Braces, splints, and casts: These devices can help immobilize and protect the affected area while it heals.
  5. Injections: Injections of corticosteroids or other medications can help reduce inflammation and pain.
  6. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or reconstruct damaged tissues or a joint. At Aadicura Superspeciality Hospital, which is considered as one of the , the surgical option is usually reserved for more severe injuries or cases where conservative treatments have not been effective.
  7. Alternative therapies: Some people find relief from orthopedic injuries with alternative therapies such as acupuncture, chiropractic, or massage therapy.

What are the three orthopedic emergencies?

Open fractures: This is a fracture where the bone is exposed through the skin. Open fractures are considered an orthopedic emergency because they can increase the risk of infection and require prompt treatment to prevent further damage.

Compartment syndrome: This is a condition where pressure builds up within a muscle compartment, leading to reduced blood flow and potential damage to nerves and muscles. It can be caused by traumatic injuries or other factors. Compartment syndrome is considered an orthopedic emergency because it requires prompt treatment to prevent long-term damage.

Acute nerve or vascular compromise: This refers to injuries that affect blood flow or nerve function in a limb. For example, a dislocated joint or a fracture can compress nerves and blood vessels, leading to reduced circulation and potential damage to the affected limb. This is considered an orthopedic emergency because it can lead to permanent damage if not treated promptly.

It’s important to seek immediate medical attention if you suspect an orthopedic emergency. Prompt treatment can help minimize the risk of complications and improve outcomes.

What is considered an orthopedic issue?

An orthopedic issue is a problem that affects the musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Orthopedic issues can be acute (sudden onset) or chronic (long-term), and can range in severity from mild to disabling.

We at are always there for any kind of Orthopaedic emergency round the clock. With our comprehensive range of diagnostic and treatment services, including physical therapy and rehabilitation, we are committed to patient safety and satisfaction.

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Welcome to Aadicura Hospital, how can we help you?