How serious is Deep Vein Thrombosis?
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms in a deep vein, usually in the legs. It occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one or more…By Admin | 09 February 2023
- Swelling: This is the most common symptom of DVT and occurs when a blood clot obstructs the flow of blood through the vein.
- Pain or tenderness: This can be felt in the affected limb and may only be noticed when standing or walking.
- Redness or discoloration: The skin over the affected vein may appear reddish or bluish in color.
- Warm skin: The skin over the affected vein may feel warm to the touch.
- Cramping or aching in the affected limb: This can occur due to the blood flow obstruction.
- Tiredness or fatigue: DVT can cause a general feeling of being unwell or weak.
- Shortness of breath: In some cases, a DVT can travel to the lungs and cause a pulmonary embolism, which can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, and a rapid heartbeat.
It’s important to note that some people with DVT may not have any symptoms at all. If you suspect you have DVT, it’s important to seek medical attention from a Best Vascular Surgeon in Vadodara as soon as possible, as untreated DVT can lead to serious complications such as pulmonary embolism and chronic venous insufficiency.
Risk factors for DVT include:
● Recent surgery or injury
● Prolonged bed rest, such as after a surgery or illness
● Certain medical conditions, such as cancer or heart failure
● Being pregnant or taking birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy
● Being older or overweight
● Family History
Treatment of deep vein thrombosis:
At Aadicura Superspeciality Hospital Vadodara we believe that it’s important to work closely with the DVT specialist to determine the best treatment plan for you. Treatment duration varies depending on the DVT location, the size of the clot, and the underlying medical condition.
Treatment for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) typically includes the use of blood thinners (anticoagulants) to prevent the clot from getting bigger and to reduce the risk of pulmonary embolism (a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when a blood clot travels to the lungs). The main goal of treatment is to prevent the clot from growing, prevent new clots from forming, and prevent the clot from breaking off and traveling to the lungs.
The most common anticoagulant medications used to treat DVT include:
- Heparin or Low Molecular Weight Heparin ( LMWH)
- Warfarin (Coumadin)
- Rivaroxaban (Xarelto), Apixaban (Eliquis), Dabigatran (Pradaxa), Edoxaban (Savaysa)
- Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs)
In addition to anticoagulant medications, other treatments for DVT may include:
- Compression stockings: These are specially designed stockings that apply pressure to the legs to help improve circulation and reduce swelling.
- Thrombolysis: This is a procedure in which a clot-dissolving medication is delivered directly to the clot through a catheter. We recommend using a catheter directed thrombectomy ( angiojet thrombectomy) or thrombolysis in extensive thrombosis especially in young patients for better preservation of valve function within the veins.
- Surgical thrombectomy: This is a procedure in which a surgeon removes the clot from the vein.
- Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter: This is a small device that is placed into the main vein in the abdomen to prevent clots from traveling to the lungs.
Physical therapy and exercise may also be recommended to help improve circulation and prevent post-thrombotic syndrome (a condition that can occur after DVT and is characterized by chronic swelling and pain in the affected limb).
What is the best treatment for DVT?
The best treatment for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) typically includes the use of blood thinners (anticoagulants) to prevent the clot from getting bigger and to reduce the risk of pulmonary embolism. The main goal of treatment is to prevent the clot from growing, prevent new clots from forming, and prevent the clot from breaking off and traveling to the lungs. Catheter based modern treatments are often utilized for earlier resolution of extensive thrombosis as well as preservation of valve function.
Is DVT a serious problem?
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) can be a serious problem if left untreated. DVT is caused by a blood clot that forms in a deep vein, usually in the legs. While some people with DVT may not have any symptoms, it can cause pain, swelling, and redness in the affected limb. Apart from local problems, the most serious complication of DVT is the risk of massive Pulmonary Embolism.
What are the consequences or complications of DVT?
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) can lead to several serious complications if left untreated, including:
- Pulmonary embolism (PE)
- Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS)
- Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI)
- Recurrent DVT
- Long-term anticoagulation therapy
- Amputation ( rarely due to Venous Gangrene).
It’s important to note that DVT can be recurrent and long-term follow-up and management with a healthcare professional is essential.
Do all persons with DVT need hospitalization?
Not all people with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) need to be hospitalized. The decision to hospitalize a person with DVT depends on the individual’s condition and the severity of the DVT.
Who is the best doctor to treat DVT?
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is typically treated by different specialities. At Aadicura superspeciality hospital, our expert team of vascular specialists have a very high reputation and experience in handling such complex cases.
It’s important to seek medical attention or Vascular Specialist in Vadodara if you have any symptoms of DVT. If left untreated, DVT can lead to serious complications such as pulmonary embolism, post-thrombotic syndrome, and chronic venous insufficiency.